Author: Rocco Caldero

Rocco Caldero is a Brazilian journalist working for The Rio Times. The Rio Times is a Brazilian English-language newspaper and digital news media founded in 2009, in Rio de Janeiro, where it's also headquartered. It covers local news from Brazil, top stories making headlines from South America, as well as world news.

The United States is taking the lead in mediating ceasefire talks between Sudan’s rival military factions to end the violence that has plagued the country since the last military coup in 2021. With ongoing conflicts and coups in Sudan since gaining independence in 1956, the recent escalation between the regular army and the Rapid Support Forces has led to a severe humanitarian crisis. Thousands have died, and millions are displaced, suffering from the consequences of the conflict. The upcoming talks in Switzerland are seen as a pivotal moment for Sudan, with the U.S., UN, and other international stakeholders working to…

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In a surprising move in Kenyan politics, President William Ruto has included four opposition members in his cabinet following a recent governmental reshuffle. This decision comes in response to unrest over proposed tax increases and violent protests across the country. President Ruto dissolved the previous government on July 23, 2024, to address the national turmoil. Ruto’s initiative to form a broader government including opposition figures marks a new era in Kenyan politics. Despite initial resistance from the Orange Democratic Movement led by Raila Odinga, the appointment of key opposition members to important ministerial positions signifies a significant shift in alliances.…

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Japan’s transition from a heavy reliance on robotics to embracing a diverse workforce marks a significant shift in national policies and societal attitudes. With an aging population and low birth rates, the country faced challenges that automation alone could not address. In 2023, Japan saw a significant increase in foreign residents, signaling a new chapter in the country’s approach to immigration and labor. The government introduced new visa categories to attract both low-skilled and high-skilled workers, aiming to fill crucial labor shortages and sustain economic growth. While the COVID-19 pandemic posed obstacles to this transition, Japan remains committed to integrating…

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In October 2024, Tunisia is gearing up for a crucial election as President Kais Saied seeks re-election. Since coming into power in 2019, Saied has taken steps to consolidate power, including dissolving parliament and ruling unilaterally. While he defends these actions as necessary for stability and anti-corruption efforts, concerns are rising about a potential shift towards autocratic rule reminiscent of pre-2011 Tunisia. The political climate in Tunisia is growing increasingly repressive, with opposition figures like Abir Moussi facing legal challenges that are seen as attempts to stifle dissent. Economically, the country is grappling with severe inflation, high unemployment, and shortages…

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Rwanda’s increasing military and economic presence in Mozambique, particularly in response to security challenges, has sparked a debate over Mozambique’s sovereignty. With instability in northern regions, Rwanda has been contracted to enhance security for critical economic areas like the TotalEnergies project in Cabo Delgado. However, this dependence on Rwanda may undermine Mozambican autonomy, as political analysts note. Rwandan forces are closely collaborating with TotalEnergies, focusing on counter-insurgency in a strategic 50-kilometer area. Concerns arise about Mozambique’s ability to protect its economic interests and strengthen defense forces through foreign military aid. The financial details of these agreements remain unclear, causing additional…

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In the shadow of the Korean War’s 70-year silence, a spinning web of alliances intricately connects the fates of Korea and Ukraine. Though continents apart, they are linked by global strategies. This tale starts with North Korea and Russia, transforming their Cold War camaraderie into a full military alliance. President Vladimir Putin’s recent trip to Pyongyang seals this deal, promising mutual military support in wartime. Meanwhile, North Korea steps up, supplying Russia with vast quantities of artillery munitions for the battlefields of Ukraine. As Seoul maneuvers, Ukraine’s struggle against Russian forces becomes a crucible drawing global attention. Kyiv’s plea to…

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The East African Federation: A Vision of Unity and Progress The East African Federation (EAF) presents a bold vision of unity among member states of the East African Community (EAC), including Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Somalia. Rooted in the 1960s, the idea saw a revival with the EAC’s re-establishment in 2000 after collapsing in 1977. Although the EAF is not yet a reality, significant progress has been made, with various institutions and governing bodies established to work towards this union. With a combined GDP of approximately $275 billion, the…

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East Africa is witnessing a surge in youth activism, with Uganda following Kenya’s lead in protesting against deep-rooted corruption. After Kenyan youths clashed with police, resulting in over 50 casualties, Uganda’s young population is gearing up to challenge their government. Despite warnings issued by President Yoweri Museveni’s administration against disruptive behavior, the youth remain resolute in their quest for accountability and reform. Their protests, fueled by discontent over corruption scandals involving high-ranking officials, signify a larger regional movement for change. As tensions rise in Kampala, with heightened security measures and arrests of opposition figures, the world is paying close attention…

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In Burkina Faso, President Ibrahim Traoré’s recent speech symbolizes a turning point towards reform and renewal. Traoré’s address on July 11, featuring an allegory of the triangle of global power, sheds light on his anti-imperialist stance and policy reforms since taking office in 2022. The triangle represents the empire of evil, empire of slaves, and empire of good, with Burkina Faso breaking free from imposed narratives of past imperialist forces. Rejecting oppressive roles, Traoré aims to combat corruption, promote economic self-sufficiency, and revitalize local industries. Education reforms seek to empower the youth against Western perceptions, positioning Burkina Faso as a…

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Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh has canceled her diplomatic trip to Brazil amidst significant unrest in her country due to student-led demonstrations against public job quotas. These quotas, favoring families who fought for independence from Pakistan in 1971, have reignited tensions and led to 114 fatalities. The government imposed a curfew and shut down key institutions to control the escalating violence. This turbulent period following Hasina’s fourth-term re-election reflects underlying issues like youth unemployment among the nation’s 171 million citizens. With internet connections severed and the military mobilized to suppress protests, Bangladesh faces a severe crisis. In Narsingdi district,…

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